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What are medical conditions in iowa for cbd oil


In many shops and stores you will find CBD Oil being advertised as a legal substance that has health benefits. CBD Oil has been legalized in Iowa in a limited capacity for medical use only. Iowa Code § 124E. However, in the context of workers’ compensation, insurers and employers are not required to pay for CBD Oil or Medical Marijuana in Iowa. Iowa Code § 124E.22.

Despite popular belief, CBD Oil is still legally considered a Marijuana extract product. Iowa Code § 124.204(4). For a claimant to even be able to buy CBD Oil legally in Iowa, they would have to have a Medical Marijuana Card that requires a physician to diagnose them with one of the listed qualifying conditions. Iowa Code § 124E.3. Then, one can only use the Medical Marijuana Card to obtain CBD Oil from licensed dispensaries, of which there can only be five in the entire state of Iowa. Iowa Code § 124E.8.

Even if a claimant follows all of these steps to legally purchase and use CBD Oil in Iowa, the Medical Cannabidiol Act, specifically says that Workers’ Compensation Carriers and Self-Insured Employers are not required to reimburse claimants for the cost of CBD Oil or any other Medical Marijuana product legalized under the act.

If you are dealing with a claimant that moves to another state where CBD Oil is legal, the Iowa Workers Compensation Act would still not require you to pay for it. CBD Oil and Medical Marijuana more generally are still illegal under federal law with very limited exceptions. 21 USCA § 812. In Presson v. Freiburger Concrete & Topsoil, Inc., a Deputy Commissioner found that even if the state legalized Medical Marijuana, the Iowa Workers’ Compensation Act could not be used to force a carrier or an employer to pay for the substance when doing so would make them an accomplice to a federal crime.

The Iowa Attorney General’s office has repeatedly tried to warn Iowa consumers about the dangers of CBD Oil and educate them regarding the current legal status of the substance since the Medical Cannabidiol Act went into effect. If you have specific questions about Medical Marijuana or CBD Oil more generally, please call Paul Barta or Micah Hawker-Boehnke at 402-475-1075.

Is CBD oil legal in iowa

CBD(cannabidiol) is the second most prevalent chemical in cannabis after tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Iowa state was initially hesitant to legalize CBD, although it is now approved and freely available. The legalization of CBD in Iowa had been long expected, some may even argue that it was long overdue, given that the 2018 Farm Bill legalized industrial hemp products. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was also tasked with regulating the labeling of CBD products under the Farm Bill. Cannabis regulations have been changing rapidly in the United States recently. There are medical cannabis programs in 33 states, including Iowa, while recreational marijuana is legal in 11 states.

Iowa’s Medical Cannabidiol Program

Iowa’s medical cannabidiol program allows for the production and sale of CBD and THC-containing products. Concisely, it is a scheme that permits the legal production and distribution of medical cannabis products. Registered Iowa card-holders and their caretakers can lawfully purchase and possess products.

Iowa CBD Laws

Iowa is still yet to classify CBD, following the federal definition established by the 2018 Farm Bill. Reynolds entrusted the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship (IDALS) with creating an industrial hemp program to be approved by the USDA by signing the 2019 Iowa Hemp Act. The IDALS will oversee Hemp and CBD products in Iowa once it is legalized.

When HF 2581 was passed in 2020, it stated that retailers might sell hemp products with a THC concentration of less than 0.3 percent. The Iowa Hemp Act and USDA regulations must be followed when using Hemp in the products. As a result, CBD will not be found in food, beverages, or dietary supplements. CBD products that can be smoked are classified as unlawful and subject to criminal penalties.

Because SF 2360 did not establish a dispensary system for medical CBD, patients could not purchase it legally. However, in 2017, HF 524 was signed, and the Iowa Department of Public Health was given the responsibility to oversee the Iowa Medical Cannabidiol program.

At a glance, a patient’s 90-day supply of CBD products can include not more than 4.5 grams of THC.

Licensing Requirements of CBD Oil In Iowa

One company (MedPharm Iowa) has been licensed by the Iowa Medical Cannabidiol Program, to produce CBD products for registered patients to purchase at one of five licensed dispensaries. Nevertheless, farmers and growers of Hemp can also apply for a license before cultivating and selling hemp products (IDALS ACT). When applying for a hemp license, all individuals involved in the hemp sector must submit their fingerprints, including those who are submitting an application on behalf of a business entity, the authorized resale agent (a person that acts on behalf of the resale), an executive corporate entity’s key participants.

Where to Buy CBD Products in Iowa State

Buying CBD oil locally in Iowa isn’t ideal due to conflicting rules governing hemp-derived CBD. Even though Hemp is legal, you’d be breaking the law if found handling any CBD products without a license. Purchasing CBD oil online allows you to compare brands in real-time, saving you time. Additionally, it is easy to decide on the best site that offers quality CBD products instead of driving all over the town comparing products and prices. However, there are local shops licensed to sell CBD products. As a result, these products should be available in locations like natural wellness stores and vape or head shops.

Testing Requirements of CBD

Laboratories at the state level must develop independent test methodologies and standard operating procedures for detecting cannabinoids, heavy metals, pesticides, residual solvents, and CBD products. Furthermore, THC, tetrahydrocannabinol acid (THCA), CBD, cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), cannabigerol(CBG), and cannabinol must be tested and measurements reported to CBN.

How to Buy CBD Products in Iowa State

Finding the best CBD products in the market Is a challenge because no manufacturing and labeling standards give stipulated guidance. Below are steps to guide you during purchase;

  1. Ensure that the CBD oil purchased has been analyzed by a third-party laboratory. Third-party labs will warn consumers if the CBD oil contains undesired chemicals or additions. They may also notify you if the CBD levels on the package correspond to the product’s potency.
  2. Companies making claims that seem too good that you are aware of should be ignored.
  3. Examine the Hemp’s origin. CBD oils derived from organic, non-GMO Hemp are the best in New York. The origin of Hemp is significant since these plants are bio accumulators, meaning they absorb everything from the surroundings they grow.
  4. Ensure you purchase CBD products that are CO2 extracted since they do not need chemical additions.
  5. Carefully read the labels on the package to know the percentage of each content.

According to Iowa state regulation, CBD products must include the following;

  • Name and address of the manufacturer
  • Expiry date
  • User instructions
  • the recommended and maximum amounts by age and weight
  • Active ingredients
  • Other Ingredients
  • Storage instructions

Customers should look for CBD products that observe these labeling guidelines to guarantee they buy from a trustworthy source.

Forms of CBD in Iowa State

  • Oral forms, e.g., liquids, tablets, tinctures, capsules, and sublingual forms.
  • Nebulized inhaled forms
  • Topical forms – gels, ointments, creams, lotions, and transdermal patches
  • Suppositories – rectal and vaginal
  • Vaporization


Although marijuana laws are strict in Iowa, there are still many ways to get CBD oil into your hands. The state’s medical marijuana regulations are slowly improving, but it appears that more modifications are still a long way off. As a result, the simplest and safest way to obtain legal CBD oil in Iowa is to purchase it from a reputable online retailer. However, when purchasing, consider the following: intended user, storage specification, the active ingredients and percentages, expiry date, and manufacturer’s name or brand. CBD forms include oral forms such as liquids, tablets, and capsules. You can lawfully purchase hemp-derived CBD oil that contains less than 0.3% THC even without a medical card.

Iowa Cannabis Laws

Once you have registered with Leafwell and been approved by one of our medical marijuana doctors online, apply to the state medical marijuana program. Receive your MMJ card and start shopping for your medical cannabis from a licensed dispensary.

Table of contents

Is cannabis legal in Iowa?

Iowa has legalized medical cannabis. However, non-medical, adult use of cannabis is currently illegal in Iowa.

What are the medical marijuana laws in Iowa?

Medical cannabis:

Throughout the 70s

Failed decriminalization attempts

1979 – 1981

A therapeutic research center is set up in Iowa to look at the potential benefits of medicinal cannabis.


  • Legalization of CBD oil by Senate Bill 2360 (SB 2360) for children with intractable epilepsy.
  • Iowa Senate Bill 2360, Medical Cannabidiol Act, 2014 (expanded 2017) and the expansion to the act House File 2589, 2020


  • The initial Act allowed for a maximum THC percentage of 3% in a product. This has been changed to a maximum of 4.5 g THC possession limit every 90 days.
  • If the patient needs more THC to treat their condition, or if the patient is terminal, they can get an exemption on the limits on the amount of THC they can legally carry
  • Smoking cannabis remains illegal in Iowa, even for medical marijuana patients.
  • You must be aged 18 or over to qualify for the Iowa medical CBD program.

Recreational cannabis:

Recreational cannabis is illegal in Iowa. There are attempts at legalization, but Iowa has some rather strict and punitive laws regarding adult users. This means that punishments can be rather harsh for non-medical adult cannabis users.

What medical conditions qualify for a Medical Marijuana Card in Iowa?

The Iowa law lists the following medical conditions as qualifiers for a medical cannabis card:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis aka Lou Gehrig’s Disease
  • Cancer – if the illness or its treatment produces one or more of the following: severe or chronic pain, nausea or severe vomiting, cachexia or severe wasting.
  • Chronic pain
  • Corticobasal Degeneration
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis (MS) with severe and persistent muscle spasms
  • Parkinson’s Disease (PD)
  • Seizures
  • Severe, intractable autism with self-injurious or aggressive behaviors
  • Ulcerative colitis

Any terminal illness with a probable life expectancy of under one year – if the illness or its treatment produces one or more of the following: severe or chronic pain, nausea or severe vomiting, cachexia or severe wasting

How do I get certified for medical cannabis in Iowa?

Here’s how to get certified for medical cannabis in Iowa:

  1. Register online with Leafwell – Create an account online, then you can speak to a doctor and qualify for an Iowa medical marijuana card. You are only billed if approved.
  2. Attend your appointment and discuss with your physician why you would like an MMJ Card – The doctor will review your medical records and ask you questions based on your medical history. They will provide you with advice and guidance on whether medical marijuana is a good choice for you.
  3. Receive your certificate from Leafwell – This is a certificate which says that your doctor recommends you become a cannabis patient under the state’s current laws and this certificate is required to apply for your MMJ Card.
  4. Complete the medical marijuana application – After your appointment, you’ll receive the next steps to help guide you through the state process. You must register with the Iowa Department of Health (IDPH) Medical Cannabidiol Program. Once approved, the state will mail you your card. (Please note: Leafwell will not be sending you the card – this is the state of Iowa’s responsibility). The card is valid for 1 year.

Get your medical marijuana card

Connect with a licensed physician online in minutes.

Is telemedicine allowed for medical cannabis consultations in Iowa?

Yes, telemedicine is legal in Iowa and you can get certified for cannabis online.

How much cannabis can I possess in Iowa with an MMJ Card?

There are no specific weights given regarding cannabis possession. Iowa instead limits by the amount of THC that can be held every 90 days.

Only CBD and 3% or less of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is legal for serious medical conditions. CBD flower is not legal.

Patients are allowed to buy products containing up to 4.5 grams of total THC in a 90-day period. Treating physicians can recommend more THC for terminally ill patients or others who haven’t been helped enough by 4.5 grams per 90 days with a waiver form.

Approved products all come from one manufacturer and they are available in four different CBD to THC ratios:

Approved medical administration methods include:

  1. Nebulizable (used in a nebulizer, which converts liquid medication into a breathable mist)
    • Oral
    • Capsules
    • Liquids
  2. Sublingual
    • Tablets
    • Tinctures
  3. Suppositories
    • Rectal
    • Vaginal
  4. Topical forms
    • Creams
    • Gels
    • Lotions
    • Ointments
    • Transdermal patches
  5. Vaporizable (Vapes)

Is it legal to grow cannabis in Iowa?

Cannabis flower and home cultivation are illegal in Iowa.

Does Iowa accept out-of-state cards?

Iowa does not recognize other states’ medical marijuana programs and cards, and so does not have reciprocity.

Will my Iowa card be accepted in other states?

An Iowa medical marijuana card will be recognized by some other states with a medical marijuana program and reciprocity.

The following states accept or recognize out-of-state medical marijuana cards:

  • Arizona
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Montana
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • Oklahoma
  • Puerto Rico
  • Rhode Island
  • US Virgin Islands
  • Utah
  • Washington, D.C.

However, this does not always mean you can purchase cannabis at a medical marijuana dispensary (non-medical adult use is fine) – just that you are protected by the state’s medical marijuana laws to some extent. It is wise to call the dispensary ahead if you are a medical cannabis patient from another state and you intend on purchasing medical marijuana.

The qualifying condition usually has to match between states, so if your qualifying condition is accepted in one state and not your visiting state, your recommendation is not necessarily valid. You are also beholden to the visiting state’s medical marijuana laws, not the state that issued your card.

The following states accept out-of-state applications, allowing a visiting patient application to use medical cannabis for the duration of their stay:

  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Hawaii
  • West Virginia (cancer patients only)

Are there employment laws protecting medical cannabis card holders in Iowa?

There are no specific laws in Iowa protecting medical cannabis patients. A positive test result for marijuana may allow the employer to discharge an employee. However, if an employee’s work is not affected and if the employee suffers from a debilitating disease/illness, an employee who tests positive for cannabis but complies with the medical marijuana law could support a common law wrongful discharge claim due to Iowa’s interpretation of the federal Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).

What are the medical cannabis product testing requirements in Iowa?

Iowa requires medical marijuana to be tested for safety. Contaminants tested at the process lot level include:

  • Pesticides
  • Residual Solvents and Processing Chemicals
  • Metals

Testing of a packaged lot will include:

  • Potency – THC, THCa, CBD, CBDa (testing for THCa and CBDa will not be included if a manufacturer uses a decarboxylation process prior to extraction)
  • A laboratory will test samples against a concentration claim for THC and CBD that is submitted by the manufacturer. A manufacturer must provide the laboratory with a label claim for THC and CBD for each formulation.
  • Microbiological impurities

Where is it safe to purchase cannabis in Iowa?

In all states with a medical marijuana program, the only way to purchase medicinal cannabis products is via a legally-licensed dispensary or pharmacy, or another legally designated space to purchase cannabis. Only those with a legal license to sell cannabis can actually do so.

Where is it safe to consume marijuana in Iowa?

All states with a medical marijuana program have some restrictions on where a person can legally use cannabis. Near schools, nurseries, parks or other places where children are expected to be, using cannabis is illegal. Use of cannabis on or in federal land or buildings, hospitals or any other such healthcare space is also illegal. Private members club and landowners may also prohibit cannabis use on their property or restrict it at their discretion.

The safest place to use medical cannabis is in the safety of your own home. It is wise to use common sense and generally keep consumption out of public view, and utilize discreet consumption methods wherever possible.

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