How Old Do You Have to Be to Buy CBD?
There have been many changes in the legality of hemp-derived and marijuana-derived CBD products during the past years. Hence, there are a lot of questions in people’s minds across the different states and territories in the United States.
Most of these questions have to do with CBD legality, the use of CBD for recreational purposes, and CBD age restrictions. What are the CBD age limit requirements when you buy CBD from a legal dispensary? It all depends on what state is involved.
We will go through these questions in this article and put our minds to rest.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of two the most well-known compounds found in cannabis plants due to its many health benefits; the other is THC. Unlike THC, it does not cause any mind-altering psychoactive effects. Hence, it is more preferred for medical use.
CBD is the prominent cannabinoid in hemp, a variety of cannabis that contains only 0.3% THC level or less. Hemp is cultivated for the production of CBD and primarily for medicinal use. Although there have been many studies on CBD, there is still a demand for more research on the cannabinoid.
CBD can be isomerized to produce many other cannabinoids. It can be processed to produce THC and other THC forms, such as Delta-8 and Delta-10 THC. Hemp-Derived Delta-8 and Delta-10 THC are technically legal on a federal level, but some state laws may prohibit their use.
The future of CBD research will probably change the legality of other CBD-derived cannabinoids, but we still have to wait for the results. When scientific literature provides compelling evidence of the health benefits of cannabinoids, governments may soon change their stance on cannabis legality.
Is CBD Legal?
Yes. Fortunately, it is good to tell you that CBD is legal. Our basis for its legality is the 2018 Farm Bill, which federally legalized the use of all products derived from industrial hemp. Therefore, CBD isolate, CBD oils, CBD extracts, CBD gummies, and all other CBD products are legal as long as they are derived from hemp that contains less than 0.3% THC.
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Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC is the psychoactive component of marijuana. Cannabis plants can be categorized into two depending on their THC concentration. Marijuana contains more than 0.3% concentration, while hemp contains less than 0.3% concentration of THC.
Hemp varieties of cannabis contain high concentrations of CBD, the non-psychoactive cannabinoid that offers many health benefits, including relief from muscle soreness, enhanced focus, and a sense of calm. CBD does not cause any intoxicating effects, and hence, CBD is not a prohibited substance on a federal level.
What Age Should You Be to Buy CBD?
There is no specific restriction on what age to buy CBD on the federal level. It all depends on the state where you reside. Remember that federal legality does not necessarily affect state legality.
Hence, the age restriction imposed by the state on buying CBD will determine if you can buy CBD from a store or not. In addition, the CBD store will follow the age restriction set by the state and post the minimum requirement on their locations or their website.
Federal Law Restrictions
The federal law restricts certain CBD forms, such as CBD edibles, creams, topicals, and oils. However, you must be 18 years old at the least to purchase CBD products for smoking or vaping purposes, such as CBD vaping oils, CBD flower, and other inhalable CBD products.
If you are more than 21 years old, you can buy CBD online or at the physical store without any restrictions. Nonetheless, suppose you purchase CBD derived from marijuana with a THC concentration above 0.3%. In that case, you have to check with your state laws to determine the product’s legality, even if you are above 21 years old.
Recreational marijuana is legal in particular states such as Washington and California. You have to be at least 18 years old to buy CBD products in these states. However, you must be at least 21 years old to purchase marijuana products. All minors are not allowed to enter cannabis dispensaries.
If you reside in a state where CBD is legal, you should be 18 years old to buy CBD products. If you plan to buy CBD, make sure you prove your age by providing an ID. Reputable dispensaries and retail stores have their way of knowing your age.
In conclusion, the age restrictions on the sale of CBD depend on a variety of factors, including:
- The state where you reside
- The store where you are purchasing
- The CBD form you are buying
- The purpose of the CBD product (medical or recreational)
Where are CBD Products Legal?
Remember that the 2018 Farm Bill is a federal law and does not automatically grant state legality. Every state has its law for hemp and CBD.
CBD is entirely legal in Idaho, Iowa, Louisiana, and South Dakota.
CBD is fully legal and has no restrictions in New Jersey, New Mexico, and North Dakota.
CBD oil and other hemp products are legal in Utah, but the products need to be state-registered and third-party tested for compliance and quality.
CBD products are legal in Texas but should be THC-free. Possessing any product that contains trace amounts of THC constitutes a felony.
CBD is legal in many other states, but the law changes frequently. Therefore, it is best to perform due diligence and check your state laws from time to time. When traveling to another state and you decide to buy CBD, be sure to do a quick search on CBD legality in that state.
For example, CBD is illegal in Iowa unless you get it for medical purposes. You have to obtain a medical CBD registration card before buying CBD products in licensed cannabis dispensaries.
Georgia does not allow CBD unless they have certain medical conditions. The state calls CBD a low THC oil.
If you decide to purchase CBD, do your due diligence and check the state laws to determine the conditions that allow you to buy and use CBD products.
Certain states permit CBD sales to persons 21 years of age or older. These states include:
Some states, such as Mississippi, have local laws that dictate you have to be 21 years old or older to buy CBD. Other states require buyers to be at least 18 years old. However, some states have no minimum age limit. Again, the law may change at any time, so be sure to do your research before purchasing CBD.
There are various age restrictions on CBD, so be aware of the following:
- State laws and local laws differ between states. If you plan to buy CBD from a local dispensary, do your research first or ask a representative from the store directly.
- Buy CBD products from reputable sources. Buy from stores that provide a certificate of analysis and are transparent about their quality control measures and manufacturing practices.
- If you are buying CBD online, buy brands that are fully compliant with the law’s regulatory requirements and provide clear reports about their practices.
Again, double-check the laws in the state where you wish to buy CBD products. Make sure the information on your source is up-to-date.
Types of CBD Products You Can Buy
Now that you understand CBD age restrictions, you must know the different CBD products you can buy from local shops.
CBD Oil and Tincture
CBD oil and CBD tincture are two distinct types of CBD products. CBD oil refers to CBD isolate extract infused in a carrier oil such as MCT oil or hemp seed oil, while CBD tincture refers to CBD isolate or extract infused in alcohol. However, as long as they are placed in dropper-type glass containers, they are usually referred to as tinctures.
Hemp oil or tincture is a popular CBD product form. You can easily find it in a local dispensary or an online store. The fastest way to consume CBD oil or tincture is to drink it directly. Place a few drops on your mouth and swallow. Expect the effects to kick in around 30 minutes to an hour.
If you want the effects of CBD oil to manifest in a few minutes, you have to take the liquid sublingually or under the tongue. Place a measured amount directly under the tongue and let it stay there for at least 30 seconds to two minutes. The membranes under the tongue will absorb the cannabinoid and transmit it directly to the bloodstream. Expect the effects to manifest as quickly as 5 minutes to 15 minutes.
You can infuse CBD oil into your foods and beverages. Place a measured amount on your coffee, tea, or juice drink. You can also infuse it into baked products, desserts, homemade candies or CBD gummies (Yum). If you do not have the time to make your edibles, you can buy them ready-made.
When you consume CBD in the form of edibles, the effects will kick in around an hour or two after consumption. CBD can make you feel relaxed, but it can make you sedated and lethargic in higher doses. Hence, never take too much CBD when performing productive tasks.
CBD in lotions, gels, balms, and ointments can be applied directly to the skin. CBD can penetrate the skin and provide soothing pain relief to sore and tired muscles when applied topically. The cannabinoid does not penetrate the skin well enough to enter the bloodstream but deep enough to affect the cannabinoid receptors on the skin.
CBD Softgel and Capsules
CBD oil can be placed in a soft gel for easier consumption. It is also available in tablet form. IF you want to ingest CBD but do not want to experience its grassy or earthy flavour, you can take in soft gel or tablet form.
Are you struggling with what kinds of products to buy? Check out this CBD review to learn more.
What is Full-spectrum CBD?
Part of what makes CBD legal is its other components. When you buy CBD products, you will come across terms such as full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate. Hence, you have to exercise caution when purchasing products online.
Full-spectrum CBD is an extract that contains CBD as its main compound, including other cannabinoids and terpenes derived from its source (hemp or marijuana). Broad-spectrum products contain the other cannabinoids and terpenes, except for THC. What makes full-spectrum different from broad-spectrum CBD is the presence of THC.
Keep in mind that full-spectrum products contain THC. Even hemp-derived full-spectrum products may have less than 0.3% THC if you reside in a state where THC is illegal. Never purchase full-spectrum.
Suppose you live in a state where THC for recreational use is legal. Then, you can go ahead and use any THC-containing CBD products as much as you want. If you use THC for recreational use, you may want to take a THC tolerance break once in a while.
How CBD Affects the Body
Since the 2018 Farm Bill made CBD and hemp-derived products legal, it has sparked the interest of the medical field to get into more CBD research. For instance, what is better for sleep? THC or CBD? These questions can be answered by actual scientific research.
Although we know about the effects of CBD and THC through preliminary research and anecdotal evidence, we need solid scientific literature to give us concrete and conclusive answers.
Nevertheless, more scientists and scholars are getting their hands into more scientific studies into the effects of CBD, and other promising cannabinoids, such as CBG and THCV.
Moving forward, we know that CBD provides a sensation of relaxation and calmness based on preliminary research. So many first-hand user experiences also attest to the relaxing effect of CBD.
By providing a sense of calm, hemp-derived CBD products can help users relieve anxiety and depression. The National Institute on Drug Abuse supplies preclinical and clinical evidence on the anti-anxiety and anti-stress properties of CBD.
CBD also delivers relief from inflammation and pain. Many studies show that the cannabinoid interacts with the neurotransmitters in the brain to help give relief from pain. It may also be effective in treating arthritic pain.
A recent study in April 2021 shows that CBD has pain-relieving effects. The experimental pain study was conducted on humans, and the researchers concluded that psychological placebo effects and pharmacological action drove the cannabinoid’s ability to relieve the pain.
Studies also show that CBD reduces nausea, increases appetite, improves sleep, and enhances skin texture. CBD has other benefits and effects, but it may take more research to make them conclusive.
If you want to learn more or have questions about CBD, feel free to reach out to us or read our articles on the site.
Should You Give CBD to Children?
You have to be at least 18 or 21 years old in many states to buy CBD. However, many parents wonder if it is legal for children to consume CBD. Some parents have experienced the medical benefits of the cannabinoid and want their kids to share in the same experience, especially in alleviating physical discomfort or relieving some anxiety issues.
Based on the 2018 Farm Bill, CBD does not provide any age restrictions on CBD use, except for inhalable products. Therefore, children can consume CBD on a federal level, as long as the product is derived from federally compliant hemp and does not have more than 0.3% delta 9 THC.
Before you give your children CBD, talk to your health care professional to determine if it is necessary or even helpful. The facts provided in this article or any other article should not substitute the data or advice you get from health care practitioners.
Suppose you plan to give your children marijuana-derived CBD. In that case, you have to be sure that your child has a qualifying medical condition and is registered in your state’s medical marijuana program (provided that your state allows medical marijuana use). Also, a parent or a guardian should be in charge of controlling the CBD consumption of the minor.
Your sworn duty and responsibility as parents is to monitor your children’s CBD consumption. We have limited scientific literature on chronic CBD use in children. For the children’s safety, always consult your doctor before making them CBD users.
CBD and other hemp derivatives were illegal until 2018 when the Farm Bill legalized hemp cultivation. It made it possible to sell CBD and other hemp-derived products. Nevertheless, federal laws do not rule out state laws. Every state has its CBD laws, and they may not be in line with the legalization on a federal level.
Therefore, some states provide age restrictions on CBD, while others do not. You have to be at least 18 years old and adequately identify when buying from stores in some states. Before buying from legal dispensaries in other states, you must be 21 years of age.
It is also possible to give your children CBD as long as the state allows it. Some states permit children to use cannabis for medical use. However, you have to consult your doctor and get a professional opinion before putting any minor on CBD use.
The age restriction depends on your state, the store you are buying from, the CBD product you want to purchase, and whether the product is for medical or recreational use. As long as you are qualified and of legal age, you can buy and use any CBD product in your state and enjoy its benefits.
CBD Age Limit Requirements: How Old Do You Have to Be To Buy CBD?
CBD has become a widely popular addition to our daily health regimen. It’s a safe, non-toxic, and non-psychoactive cannabinoid that offers many benefits.
You see CBD products in many health stores, and you can even order these products online.
The question is — how old do you have to be to buy CBD, especially since it’s extracted from cannabis plants?
The answer to this question is a bit tricky.
You need to consider the legality of its source. Is it from hemp or marijuana? More importantly, what do your local laws say about CBD?
Let’s break down the legal status of CBD.
Is CBD Legal?
The year 2018 saw the legalization of industrial hemp, with the 2018 Farm Bill legalizing all plant parts. Not only does this include the flowers, leaves, and stalks of the plant, but also all its cannabinoids, extracts, and derivatives, as well as salts, acids, and isomers, etc.
However, industrial hemp is only federally legal if its THC level doesn’t exceed 0.3% on a dry-weight basis.
Industrial hemp with more than this legal THC limit is already considered marijuana, which, under federal laws, remains illegal.
In short, CBD derived from industrial hemp is legal in all states, while CBD derived from marijuana isn’t federally legal.
If you live in a state with legalized marijuana for adult use, using marijuana-derived CBD should be okay.
So, exercise due diligence and check your local legislation before buying marijuana-derived CBD online.
Do You Have to Be of Legal Age to Buy CBD?
No, you don’t have to be of legal age to buy CBD.
The 2018 Farm Bill technically allows people of all ages (even minors) to access the different forms of hemp-derived CBD. This means anybody can buy and use hemp-derived CBD products, as long as they contain no more than 0.3% THC.
There’s also no limit to the amount of hemp-derived CBD products you can buy.
However, federal laws do prohibit minors from buying and using inhalable or smokable CBD products.
Most dispensaries also don’t sell hemp-derived CBD products to minors, so it would be unlikely for them to buy CBD independently. Reputable online vendors also do age checks as required by law.
As for marijuana-derived CBD, legal states require you to be at least 21 years of age or older to buy it.
For a minor requiring marijuana-derived CBD with higher THC content, their legal guardian must enroll them into their state’s medical marijuana program. The minor must also be seen by a certified healthcare professional and diagnosed with one of their state’s qualifying medical conditions.
A medical marijuana card will be issued to the minor’s legal guardian, allowing them to buy marijuana-derived CBD products for their ward.
What are the Common Forms of CBD Products?
CBD products come in many forms.
Sublingual CBD such as oils and tinctures is placed under the tongue for about one minute before swallowing. This method produces a fast onset of effects since the cells immediately absorb CBD.
Ingestible CBD includes edibles (gummies, brownies, candies, etc.) as well as capsules or pills. CBD oils and tinctures may also be included here if added to meals or drinks. This method has a slower onset of effects since CBD passes through several organs first before entering the bloodstream.
Topical CBD is a category reserved for creams, balms, salves, gels, ointments, lotions, and any CBD product applied to the skin. Topicals work best for localized discomfort such as normal muscle aches after exercising or inflammation flare-ups.
Inhalable forms involve smoking CBD-rich flowers or vaping CBD vape oil or concentrates. The effects are pretty fast since CBD is immediately absorbed in the mouth and the lungs — going directly into the bloodstream.
There’s no age restriction in buying any of these CBD forms, except for inhalable CBD products, which are only available to adults 21 years of age and older.
What’s the Age Requirement for Buying CBD Vape and Cigarettes?
On December 20, 2019, the minimum age for buying vape and tobacco products was raised to 21 from 18 years of age.
It’s now illegal for retailers of both vape (including CBD vape) and tobacco products to sell them to anyone under the age of 21.
The law also requires retailers to check their buyer’s ID to ensure they’re of legal age to buy inhalable products.
Is it Legal to Give Children CBD with Parental Consent?
For marijuana-derived CBD, only those minors registered into their state’s medical marijuana program may receive marijuana-derived CBD with a higher THC content.
They must be diagnosed with one of their state’s qualifying medical conditions, and they must have a caretaker (either a parent or a legal guardian) who’ll manage their CBD use.
As for hemp-derived CBD, the 2018 Farm Bill technically allows children access to CBD, provided that the product comes from industrial hemp containing no more than 0.3% THC.
Except for inhalable CBD products, minors can consume any form of hemp-derived CBD. According to a study that examined the efficacy of CBD in children with epilepsy, children can safely take up to 20 mg of CBD per body weight daily .
However, the minor’s CBD use should be closely monitored by the parents. They should keep in mind that there aren’t many studies yet on the long-term effects of chronic CBD use, especially on children, so care should be taken when administering CBD to minors.
Parents must also be made aware of the potential side effects of CBD, especially on high doses. These include:
More importantly, parents should be warned of the potential drug interaction between CBD and other medications the child might be taking.
CBD can either decrease or increase a drug’s potency. Studies suggest that CBD increases the effects of warfarin and antiepileptic drugs like phenytoin.
For these reasons, we recommend consulting with your child’s physician first before giving them CBD.
Tips for Buying CBD
CBD’s popularity has exploded over the last few years. While this gives us better access to CBD products, it also makes us more vulnerable to scammers.
When buying CBD, be mindful of these tips.
1. Consider the Extract Type
CBD comes in three types — pure, broad-spectrum, and full-spectrum CBD.
All three types contain high levels of CBD. However, broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD products also contain other cannabinoids as well as terpenes. Of the three CBD types, only full-spectrum CBD has some THC in it.
Which is better?
These already provide many health benefits, but having a little THC in the product allows you to enjoy the entourage effect.
The entourage effect is a phenomenon that says all cannabinoids and terpenes found in cannabis work together, amplifying each other’s health effects.
2. Examine the Source of CBD
If you reside in a legal state, taking marijuana-derived CBD should be fine, as long as you’re of legal age. Minors should be registered into their state’s medical marijuana program.
If you live in a non-legal state, then your only option is hemp-derived CBD. Ensure the product comes with a certificate of analysis from a third-party lab confirming the THC content below 0.3%.
3. Consider the Method of Administration
You may use any form of CBD, but if you’re a minor, you’re not allowed to use inhalable CBD forms such as CBD flower and vape. CBD products like these are only available to people above the age of 21.
Now, if you’re after a fast onset of effects, choose between inhalable and sublingual CBD. In under 15 minutes, you’ll start feeling its effects. These methods, however, offer a shorter duration.
If you want the CBD effects to last longer, then try ingestible CBD products. They may need more time to kick in (30 minutes to 1.5 hours), but CBD stays longer in the body to produce longer-lasting effects.
CBD first passes through the digestive system and the liver, where it’s metabolized. The liver then gradually releases CBD into the bloodstream, with its concentration in the bloodstream peaking at around three hours before slowly tapering off.
The longer CBD stays in the system, the longer its duration of effects will be.
4. Research The Manufacturer
Not all CBD extracts are created equal, so choose the CBD brand wisely.
Make sure that the CBD product comes with a certificate of analysis (COA). This means that a certified third-party laboratory tested the product for its purity, safety, quality, and potency.
The COA proves that the CBD product is free from contaminants such as toxic residues and pathogens. It also shows that the CBD product contains its stated potency.
It would help if you also read customer reviews. These give you a good idea of the product’s effects and also let you know of the manufacturer’s trustworthiness. Just make sure these come from third-party websites because such reviews often stay in contrast to what the manufacturer is posting on its shop’s website.
Final Thoughts — Age Restrictions on CBD Use
CBD use has some restrictions.
If you’re 21 years or older and live in a state that legalized adult-use marijuana, you may consume any form of hemp and marijuana-derived CBD.
Minors needing marijuana-derived CBD must be registered into their state’s medical marijuana program by their legal guardian.
If you live in a non-legal state, your only option is hemp-derived CBD.
Minors can also consume any form of hemp-derived CBD, except for inhalable CBD (flowers and vapes), which is only available to people above 21 years of age.
Before administering CBD to minors, we recommend consulting with your child’s physician first.
Nina created CFAH.org following the birth of her second child. She was a science and math teacher for 6 years prior to becoming a parent — teaching in schools in White Plains, New York and later in Paterson, New Jersey.
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