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How to Make CBD Oil at Home in Just 7 Easy Steps

If you want to know how to make CBD oil at home, you’ll be pleased to know it’s a lot easier than you think. Keep in mind. It won’t be the same quality and retention of plant compounds as professionally done by companies such as ourselves.

Sure, you can get it from an outside vendor, yet there’s something about homemade cannabis edibles that makes things fun. We all know there are different ways vendors do it. CO2 extraction is all the rage, but you’ll need a lot of money to buy the equipment and pay the technicians who operate it for you.

You may also have heard of alcohol extraction. While accessible, this isn’t the easiest way to do it. The method we’ll cover today means you probably won’t even have to don your mask and visit the grocery store. Everything you need is either in your cupboard, pantry or fridge. If you’re still missing something, you won’t drop more than a couple of bucks.

So if you:

    1. a) Own a stove
    2. b) Are on a budget
    3. c) Have no clue what you’re doing

    …this is your chance to quickly and easily learn how to make CBD oil at home.

    How to Make CBD Oil: The Full DIY Guide

    Before we get to cooking, it’s important we understand some fundamentals about CBD and CBD oil. We could go on forever with the fine details, but all you need to know right now are the types of CBD products and some easy science.

    Types of CBD

    If you visit a CBD company’s website, you’ll likely come across the terms “full-spectrum,” “broad-spectrum,” or “CBD isolate.”

    These labels refer to cannabinoid and terpene content – if any. Let’s take a quick look at what each product means.

    Full-Spectrum

    Full-spectrum CBD oil (a.k.a. “whole plant extract”) contains all other cannabinoids and terpenes found in the source plant. Different plants contain different chemical profiles, but full-spectrum products will always contain some traces of THC.

    However, THC won’t cause intoxication in such low doses, and even helps the overall potency of your CBD mixture, thanks to the “entourage effect.” This synergistic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes effectively allows them to complement or improve the potency and effects of your CBD oil.

    One complaint people have, though, is that full-spectrum maintains a strong cannabis or “hempy” taste.

    Keep in mind, the homemade CBD oil method we cover doesn’t allow you to filter out any compounds, keeping your CBD rich in cannabinoids and terpenes – in other words, full-spectrum.

    CBD Isolate

    CBD isolate is a product containing up to 99% CBD, with all other compounds completely gone. It’s colorless, odorless, and flavorless. Some vendors who want their edibles or oils to be unaffected by any plant aroma often choose CBD isolate.

    Although it’s almost pure CBD, isolate lacks any of the beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes that work to trigger the entourage effect. Consequently, the therapeutic benefits of CBD isolate are limited compared to other forms.

    Broad-Spectrum

    Broad-spectrum CBD is the middle ground between full-spectrum and CBD isolate. It retains the same compounds as full-spectrum CBD, but with all traces of THC removed.

    This is handy if you’re worried about triggering a drug test (which is possible) or if you’re sensitive to THC.

    What is Decarboxylation?

    Ever wonder why you have to light cannabis on fire or heat it in a vaporizer? The simple answer is “decarboxylation.” It’s an essential step when making your own CBD oil.

    Cannabinoids originally sit in an inert acidic form. For example, CBD is originally CBDA (cannabidiolic acid) prior to decarbing. When heated to a certain temperature, the CBDA undergoes a chemical change that turns it into CBD.

    The process of decarboxylation of the acidic form of CBD (CBDa) to Cannabidiol (CBD) with heat.

    How to Make CBD Oil at Home

    Now that we better understand CBD oil, it’s time to dive in on making CBD oil. The method we’ll describe today is the same one people use with any cannabis oil. It involves the use of dried flower from either an industrial hemp variety or “marijuana.”

    Today, plenty of vendors offer industrial hemp dry herb in a variety of different strains and strengths – all with less than 0.3% THC. You can also get high CBD, lower THC flower from a dispensary or medical provider, depending on the laws in your state.

    The following recipe will net you about 2 cups (500 ml) of CBD oil. The potency depends on how much CBD is in the dry herb, and the type/amount of carrier oil chosen. We recommend coconut oil because it does an excellent job retaining CBD and other cannabinoids.

    The amount of dry herb and oil you use isn’t written in stone. The less oil you use, the more cannabinoids get packed into it. The level of CBD in your dry herb also affects potency.

    But enough prepping – let’s make some CBD oil.

    Things You’ll Need on Making CBD Oil

      1. 1/2 oz (14 g) industrial hemp flower or another cannabis flower (if legal)
      2. Grinder
      3. Baking sheet
      4. Aluminum foil
      5. 1 cup (250 ml) coconut oil
      6. Oven and stove
      7. Oven thermometer (optional)
      8. Meat thermometer
      9. Pot or saucepan
      10. Paper towel or coffee filter

      Calculating Dosage When Making CBD Oil

      Got all your ingredients? Great! Now it’s time to figure out how strong your oil will be. This requires some simple math.

      Whether it’s industrial hemp or high-CBD “marijuana,” CBD levels vary from strain to strain. So let’s pretend your flower contains 20.0% CBD:

      • Take 20.0 and move the decimal to the right, which shows your herb has 200 mg/g of CBD.
      • Multiply that 200 by the number of grams you’re using – in this case, 14.
      • We see that the total CBD in your batch will equal 2800 mg prior to decarboxylation.
      • Now, we need to know the CBD per milliliter (ml), so divide 2800 by the 250 ml of coconut oil we’re using, which comes to 11.2 mg/ml of CBD oil.

      If you find this dose is too little or too much, increase/decrease the amount of dry herb as needed. You can also add more oil to dilute the mixture.

      To know how much CBD potency the hemp flower has, make sure you have the third-party lab report to get that number.

      Here is a visual of a lab report on a cannabis hemp flower rich in CBD. As you can see, this hemp flower has a potency of 16% CBDA (cannabidiolic acid), which CBDA would then be converted to CBD after decarboxylation. Every 1,000mg of oil will contain roughly 160mg of CBD.

      7 Steps on How to Make CBD Oil

      Step 1: Preheat the Oven

      Preheat your oven to 225 o F. This is a solid middle-ground. But remember that oven temperature isn’t likely to reflect the exact number shown on your stove.

      It’s handy to have a simple oven thermometer if you want to keep a more precise tab on temperature. Undercooking won’t properly activate the cannabinoids while overcooking evaporates them away.

      Step 2: Grind the Flower

      Using your grinder , coarsely grind your cannabis flower . A simple metal hand grinder is a great choice, as these tend to give you the consistency you need.

      Don’t over-grind it. If the pieces are too small, you’ll burn them before you even start making your own CBD oil.

      Step 3: Prepare the Ground Cannabis

      Line your baking sheet with aluminum foil . Evenly lay out the ground cannabis flower on your baking sheet. It’s important to keep it in an even, single layer. Otherwise, the flower won’t cook evenly.

      Finally, cover the sheet with aluminum foil .

      Step 4: Decarboxylate the Hemp Flower

      If you have an oven thermometer inside the appliance, check to make sure you have the right temperature. If the difference is more than 20 o F in either direction, adjust the heat as needed.

      Bake for 30 minutes, then remove and let the hemp cool for 45 minutes. Once cool, lift the layer of aluminum foil. If everything went well, the herb will have golden brown, toasted color.

      Below is an image of grinded cannabis flower on the left prior to decarboxylation, and decarbed flower on the right.

      The picture was taken from Madison Cole from Herbal Dispatch.

      Step 5: Mix CBD with Coconut Oil to Make Tincture

      Turn your pot or saucepan to low heat, and add the coconut oil. DO NOT allow it to simmer or sizzle.

      Use the meat thermometer to check the oil temperature. It should hover at around 150 o F. If the mixture exceeds 200 0 F, you could cause some cannabinoids to evaporate during cooking.

      You can use an overhead stirrer like this to set it on automatic, and it will mix the CBD extract with coconut oil to make CBD oil tinctures.

      Step 6: Complete the Oil Infusion to make CBD Oil Tinctures

      Cook the mixture for 30 minutes to 4 hours. The longer you cook, the more cannabinoids get infused into the oil, and the stronger your final product will be.

      Step 7: Strain

      Place a coffee filter or paper towel above a cup, small pot, or another container. Carefully and slowly pour the oil onto the filter or paper towel to separate and discard the plant matter.

      Pro tip: Use two or three paper towels layered together, as a single one could rip while you pour the oil.

      CBD Oil Uses

      Congratulations on your first batch! Now that you can make your own CBD oil, it’s time to put it to good use. Although oil is typically associated with straight oral ingestion, there are other things you can do with it.

      For instance, you can use it in edible recipes to make an endless range of tasty CBD-rich treats, or mix it with moisturizer to create a soothing topical. Some people add it to smoothies or use it as a salad dressing.

      Ultimately, there’s almost no limit to what you can do with CBD oil.

      How to Make CBD Oil: Final Thoughts and Tips

      While making CBD oil, it’s important to consider safety. There are also some tips we want to address that’ll make your CBD cooking experience much better.

      Safety when Making CBD Oil

      Fortunately, you won’t be working with explosive substances like butane, nor will you need to worry about leaving solvent traces behind (alcohol method). Aside from “don’t burn yourself,” there’s really nothing else to worry about during the cooking process.

      CBD itself, however, is another story. The cannabinoid is known to interact with a broad range of medications . Talk to your doctor before adding CBD to your health routine.

      Understanding Flower-to-Oil Ratios for Your Cannabis Infusions

      When most home cooks make cannabis edibles, they usually resort to guesswork for determining potency. That can be fine if you’re only making edibles for yourself, and you know your tolerance. But when you’re sharing with friends, you won’t want to freak them out with too much THC or put them to sleep with a heavy CBD dosage.

      So, how do you calculate the potency of your infusions? Join us, and we’ll show you how to calculate accurate flower-to-oil ratios for your homemade edibles.

      Calculating Flower-to-Oil Ratios

      You’ll need to consider several variables when calculating flower to oil ratios for your edibles, including:

      • how many grams of flower your using
      • the potency of the flower
      • the approximate infusion rate
      • the amount of oil or butter
      • the number of servings

      The type of oil and the time infused makes a difference in the infusion rate. Unfortunately, there’s no way to know exactly what the infusion rate will be. For this article, we’ve chosen a relatively high infusion rate, but rates can range down to 60% or even lower.

      The calculations that follow will give you an estimate of the potency of your edibles. However, if you want to know exactly how many milligrams of THC or CBD are in your infusions, you’ll have to send them to a lab or test them with an at-home cannabis potency tester .

      Calculating the milligrams of THC or CBD in your cannabis

      The first step in calculating your flower-to-oil ratio is to find out how many milligrams of cannabinoids are in your flower. You can convert the number of grams of cannabis to milligrams by multiplying it by 1000. Then, use the following equation to find out how many milligrams of THC or CBD are in your bud:

      milligrams of cannabis x % of THC or CBD= total cannabinoids in milligrams

      For example, let’s say you have 5 grams of flower, which equals 5000 mg. If your bud has 20% THC, you simply multiply 5000 by 20%, and you’ll get a total of 1000 milligrams of THC.

      Finding out the amount of infused cannabinoids

      Once you determine how much THC or CBD is in your flower, you’ll need to estimate how many milligrams will actually infuse into your oil. As we’ve mentioned before, the infusion rate varies according to the type of oil you use and how long you cook the mixture. For this article, we’ll use an 80% infusion rate. Here’s the math:

      1000 mg THC x 80%= 800 milligrams of infused THC

      Determining the total amount of cannabinoids in a batch of edibles

      Here’s the equation you’ll need to find out how much CBD or THC is in your entire batch of edibles:

      total infused cannabinoids divided by amount of infused oil you use in the recipe

      If you initially infused two cups of oil and plan to use ¼ cup in your edibles, you’ll divide the total infused cannabinoids by eight. (You’re using an eighth of the total two cups of oil.) Here’s what the math looks like for our previous example:

      800 mg infused THC divided by 8 = 100 mg of THC in your whole batch of edibles

      Calculating the amount of cannabinoids per serving

      This part is relatively straightforward. Let’s say you plan on making 10 servings:

      100 mg total THC in the batch divided by 10 servings = 10 mg per serving

      Now that you have the basic information you’ll need, let’s take a look at a few real-life scenarios for practice.

      Scenario #1: CBD-Infused Dinner Party

      Imagine that you’re planning a dinner party for four of your closest friends. Your meal plan includes CBD-infused gravy, and you want to make sure that each guest can have two portions. For this scenario, you’ll be working with the following variables:

      • 7 grams of hemp flower with 16% CBD
      • 4 sticks of butter (1 stick used in the gravy)
      • 80% infusion rate
      • 8 servings (4 guests x 2 portions)

      You can calculate the approximate potency per serving in the following manner:

      1. Total cannabinoids in milligrams: 7 grams in milligrams equals 7000 mg. 7000 mg times 16% is 1120 milligrams of CBD in the hemp flower.
      2. Total infused CBD: 1120 mg x 80% = 896 total infused CBD
      3. Total cannabinoids in your gravy: 896 total infused CBD divided by 4 equals 224. (You’re using ¼ of your infused butter in your recipe.)
      4. Milligrams of CBD in each serving: 224 divided by 8 servings yields 28 mg of CBD per serving.

      Maybe those seem like hefty servings, but we’re assuming your dinner guests are already experienced with CBD. If you wanted to reduce the potency of your gravy, you could simply use ½ stick of CBD-infused butter and ½ stick of regular butter, which would give you eight 14 mg servings of CBD gravy.

      Scenario #2: Old-Fashioned Pot Brownies

      In this scenario, you want to make two dozen brownies that you can share with friends and store in the freezer when you need a little pick-me-up. You plan to make them on the weak side so that you can enjoy a lighter buzz or eat two for a full-blown trip. Here are the variables you’re managing:

      • 6 grams of cannabis with 18% THC
      • 2 cups of coconut oil (½ cup used in brownie recipe)
      • 80% infusion rate
      • 24 brownies

      Here’s the procedure for calculating the milligrams of THC per brownie:

      1. Total THC in milligrams: 6 grams equals 6000 milligrams. 6000 mg times 18% THC equals 1080 milligrams of THC.
      2. Total infused THC: 1080 mg multiplied by 80% is 864 mg of THC.
      3. Total THC in your batch of brownies: 864 mg divided by 4 equals 216 mg. (We’re using ¼ of our coconut oil.)
      4. Milligrams of THC in each brownie: 216 mg divided by 24 brownies is 9 milligrams of THC.

      Now, you have 24 lightly dosed brownies you can feel confident sharing with friends or enjoying when you require a slight attitude adjustment.

      As we’ve mentioned before, these calculations will only give you an approximation of the potency of your edibles since it’s impossible to pin down exact infusion rates. If you would like to know the precise amount of cannabinoids in your infusions, you may be interested in our at-home cannabis potency tester . tCheck works for all types of infusions, tinctures, and distillates . Our devices even include a convenient, onboard recipe calculator .