Everything you need to know about CBD muscle balm
Whether you’re an athlete or visit your local gym only a few times a year, you’ve likely experienced soreness or pain. Even sitting still for too long or lifting children all day can cause your muscles to feel stiff. Luckily cannabis and its cannabinoids are well-suited to help soothe the pain. One such cannabis product type that lends itself well to muscle pain relief is CBD muscle balm.
What is CBD muscle balm?
CBD muscle balm, also known as CBD muscle rub, is a fragrant topical oil or cream that individuals use to soothe sore muscles. CBD balm is generally mixed with other soothing ingredients such as peppermint oil, tea tree, eucalyptus, and other oils.
CBD muscle balm is a fragrant topical oil or cream that individuals use to soothe sore muscles. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
The cannabis industry features a wide range of topicals, of which CBD balm is a member. By definition, these products contain no more than a 0.3% concentration of THC – thus, they won’t cause a “high” feeling. CBD balm is an excellent alternative for individuals who want to avoid using THC or who live in an area where THC products are illegal.
Does CBD balm work?
Many consumers find CBD to be soothing and relaxing, but the exact experience you get from a CBD muscle rub depends on several factors. These factors include the type of CBD used in the balm, extra ingredients such as essential oils, the total dosage, and individual differences in the consumer.
CBD products come in various formulas, typically fitting into one of three categories: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate. Full-spectrum CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant and contains minor cannabinoids, terpenes, and trace levels of THC. Broad-spectrum includes a similar range of cannabis matter with the THC removed. Finally, isolate is CBD stripped of all other compounds and left in a pure powder form. The presence or absence of these compounds has varying effects on consumers.
The total amount of CBD in your balm has an impact on whether or not the balm provides relief. Some people may need more substantial doses to feel effective relief. Read the label to understand all the ingredients, and know that lab-tested products are more likely to provide relief.
What the research says
Limited research supports CBD’s efficacy on inflammation because most studies that examine the anti-inflammatory benefits of cannabis include whole-plant analysis, which naturally contains THC and other cannabinoids.
An in vitro study published in Pain showed that rats who had received doses of CBD in arthritic knees showed less inflammation and fewer signs of pain. A review published in Frontiers in Neurology showed that CBD could reduce inflammation and help improve pain and mobility in patients with multiple sclerosis. However, much more research is needed to scientifically support CBD muscle balm’s ability to soothe pain.
It’s not entirely clear whether infused skin-use topicals are genuinely effective, but consumers seem to feel improvements. The Arthritis Foundation surveyed 2,600 patients with arthritis and found that 79% of respondents had considered CBD use or had already used it, either as an alternative to other pain-relieving balms or anti-inflammatory prescription medications such as NSAIDs.
How does CBD muscle balm work?
Topical CBD products work locally on specific parts of the body, potentially helping soothe pain on areas such as joints or particular muscles. CBD gets absorbed by the skin and doesn’t enter the bloodstream. As such, the balm affects the body similarly to over-the-counter topical creams to relieve pain for a certain amount of time.
CBD muscle balm interacts with the high concentration of cannabinoid receptors in the skin. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
CBD muscle balm interacts with the high concentration of cannabinoid receptors in the skin. These receptors are part of the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for maintaining homeostasis across many bodily functions, including pain management.
An in vitro study published in Neurology showed that CBD binds to and desensitizes these receptors, which mediate pain perception and inflammation.
Most consumers rub the CBD topical into their skin where the pain is localized and allow the cannabinoids to work. Some balms also use essential oils such as peppermint oil or menthol, which adds a cooling sensation to the skin and has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.
Does CBD help with muscle recovery?
After an intense sweat session, it’s common to experience muscle aches and soreness. Workouts cause microscopic tears to the fibers in muscles, which can lead to inflammation and the subsequent feeling of being sore or in pain. While the breaking down and recovery of muscle fibers after intense workouts is critical to growth, soreness feels unpleasant and, in excess, can cause changes in the body.
By suppressing the inflammatory responses of a workout, CBD allows muscles to recover more rapidly. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Several pieces of evidence, including those illustrated above, indicate that CBD is useful for soothing inflammation involved with soreness. CBD also suppresses chemokine, cytokine, and the production of T-regulatory cells, all of which slow down the muscle recovery process. By suppressing the inflammatory responses of a workout, CBD allows muscles to recover more rapidly.
CBD muscle balm isn’t the only thing that helps with recovery. Consumers use CBD-infused edibles, tinctures, and vapes to achieve similar relief measures, though the results depend on the product quality and dosage.
Topicals can also help with conditions beyond muscle recovery or pain relief. Many commercial beauty products use hemp oil or coconut oil ingredients to treat skin conditions or add a luster to the face or skin.
The 5 Best CBD Topicals For Pain Relief (Plus 2 Highly Effective THC Balms)
But I don’t engage in physical activity solely because of my woefully wobbly midsection. My sanity depends on it. Truly. In the immortal words of Elle Woods: Endorphins make you happy!
In my early thirties I dabbled in SoulCycle, swimming at the 14th Street Y, and three disastrous attempts at SLT. These days it’s running loops in Central Park, Y7 yoga, and contact combat. And let me tell you, hitting a weekly fitness goal isn’t always easy—especially when you’re rapidly approaching your 40s with a few minor injuries under your belt.
I’m no spring chicken and the occasional bout of soreness is now a fact of life.
So recovery is a big deal. And personally, I’m all about CBD (a.k.a cannabidiol)—the non-psychoactive compound in cannabis. It’s been having a moment these past few years, making appearances in all sorts of wellness and beauty products—from CBD edibles, to capsules, to transdermal patches, and beyond. But make no mistake. It’s not the passing health trend that activated charcoal and golden milk used to be.
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“CBD is extremely anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective. A normal person may use it to prevent conditions such as arthritis or even topically to prevent acne breakouts,” Dr. Shivani Amin, a physician and cannabis expert who is a member of the AMMPA (American Medical Marijuana Physicians Association), says. “I think CBD shows great promise for the future. It all boils down to educating the public about the correct usage and understanding the plant better.”
I’ve long been a fan of edibles and tinctures, but for those who are skeptical of ingesting it, I’m also a big believer in topicals. From lotions and creams to balms and bath bombs, I have experimented with many different kinds—and I’ve come to rely on them for localized pain and reducing inflammation.
But as with any CBD product, there’s no skeleton key that unlocks relief for everyone—you have to find what works for your body. And you certainly have to experiment with different products, brands, and dosages—it’s the only way for you to see which ones really work.
Just know that topicals, unlike edibles, serve a different purpose: They’re primarily for targeted surface areas to address tension, spasms, and muscle pain because CBD applied to the skin doesn’t reach your bloodstream. Think of it as spot treating problematic areas. For instance, if your lower back is shot, apply your preferred product to that area only.
One thing to note, though: Only buy from established brands from licensed dispensaries—not random bodegas, sketchy websites, so-called health food stores, or even Amazon. Always ask for COAs (Certificates of Analysis) to ensure that the topical actually contains the cannabinoids it claims to have. And have an open mind about using CBD topicals incorporated with THC—because those two cannabinoids combined are more effective when addressing inflammation, which is the primary cause of soreness and pain.
“I have treated many patients with chronic conditions with full spectrum CBD and attained great results,” Dr. Amin says. “I also believe the public needs to understand that CBD works in conjunction with THC. Usually this requires at least 3–5% THC to work for serious forms of pain and more chronic medical conditions. I have patients come in with chronic and severe pain expecting to have their pain alleviated with just CBD. Although CBD works well for pain, in many situations patients with severe pain need to have some THC. [The cannabinoids] work synergistically to help ease severe pain.”
Here’s what I have found most effective over the years.
WILDFLOWER CBD COOL STICK (300MG; $60)
Wildflower was my inaugural topical. At the time, I had just started learning Krav Maga—a rather intense Israeli contact combat sport where there are no real rules. (Except to survive.) And my body was sore all the time those first few months. It didn’t help that I’ve got this existing and highly-bothersome back condition. I was also running a few times a week. But Wildflower’s CBD Cool Stick, which conveniently comes packaged as a roll-on, helped me tremendously. The trick is to apply the cooling stick before your workout or any other physically strenuous activity—not after. Why? Because in my experience, sweat reactivates the cooling components of the Wildflower’s formula. A six–mile run is infinitely more pleasant when you feel the the cream working even when you’ve got a ways to go. Also note that the brand also carries a Healing Stick (500mg) for $75. But it’s got arnica and I’m not exactly fond of the odor it emits through my clothes. However, if you do like arnica-scented everything, go for it.
POPULUM COLD THERAPY HEMP RUB (100MG; $45)
Unlike Wildflower, Populum comes in gel form. Also: It’s artic. Kind of like a more aggressive Vick’s Vaporub—so much so that you will definitely need to wash your hands after application. (The last thing you need is to accidentally rub your eyes with that stuff still on your digits.) But it’s effective—despite its relatively low dose of CBD. And a little goes a long way. Use it for minor aches and inconveniences—like when you find yourself stiff because you’ve been sitting on your far-from-ergonomic work chair most of the day. And if you find yourself really hurting, I recommend using a topical that contains both THC and CBD. (More on that below.)
LORD JONES + TAMARA MELLON HIGH-CBD FORMULA STILETTO CREAM (200MG; $70)
This is every woman’s dream come true. High heels are just not made the way they used to be—stilettos these days are narrower, higher, and pointier. Remember: Louboutin does not concern himself with the comfort of his designs. (He said so himself in the documentary and several other news outlets.) Gone are the days of the sensible heels our grandmothers wore. But alas, sky–high footwear is a necessary evil. So Lord Jones, the wildly–popular CBD company, collaborated with Tamara Mellon to help ease that discomfort. Just dab a little solution onto your feet and wait for your skin to absorb the formula before putting on your four–inch torture device.
BASKIN BODY WELLNESS CBD CREAM (400MG; $60)
Baskin has a lower–dose formula that clocks in at 150mg CBD that costs $20 less. But I say, Go big or go home. Invest in the higher dose if you want real relief all over: It’s meant to be used all over the body versus its cousin, which was specifically created for smaller targeted areas. Beyond that, you can always use the 400mg cream the way you see fit: Nobody is going to stop you if you want to use it only in specific pain points.
ONYX + ROSE BROAD SPECTRUM CBD BLISS BALM (500MG; $54)
This high–dose balm seems to be a crowd favorite, certainly in my household. The jar itself contains two ounces of product. It doesn’t seem like much—But because the consistency of the cream is particularly smooth and spreadable, it glides easily onto the skin and covers more real estate. In terms of relief, you can expect gradual relaxation of the muscles—especially if you’re prone to spasms or simply incredibly tight.
BASKIN GLOW (50MG THC + 500MG CBD; $80)
Now this is where we change course. Serious athletes and people suffering from chronic pain will benefit from this lotion. And yes, it’s in a jar but it rubs on like an incredibly light lotion—not at all like a heavy body butter. The main difference is that it contains both THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) in addition to CBD. And that’s a good thing. Both cannabinoids work synergistically together: THC will open up your receptors, enabling your body to absorb and metabolize more CBD. Beyond that, Glow is applied somewhat differently than the rest of the products on this list. Apply a minuscule amount to your pulse points, the insides of your elbows, and the backs of your knees—areas where the skin is at its thinnest. The reasoning: Because of its formula and consistency, your body will absorb the product so that it reaches your bloodstream—unlike many other topicals.
DIXIE SYNERGY RELIEF CBD AND THC BALM (50MG CBD + 50MG THC; $45)
I’m a huge fan of Dixie’s edibles, particularly its Birthday Cake White Chocolate and root beer elixir. But the cannabis company also does a damn fine job with its Synergy CBD and THC combo balm. It’s what I reach for whenever I’m too achy and cannabidiol alone just won’t cut it. It all boils down to the fact that the presence of THC opens up receptors in our bodies to allow for greater CBD absorption.