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Cbd oil for colic

CBD Oil for Kids: 13 Things All Parents Should Know

The use of CBD oil (cannabidiol, extracted from marijuana) for kids is growing in popularity. We chatted with experts and real parents to get the scoop.

*Please consult your doctor before making any decisions about trying new products for your child’s health.

Could CBD (cannabidiol) oil be the new go-to for calming kids down? With states green-lighting the green stuff one after another, there’s a new wave of marijuana-using millennials and open-minded parents in general who are more curious than ever before about giving marijuana- and hemp-derived oils to their kids and babies.

In one of the private mom groups I belong to on Facebook, there have been more than 100 threads since October of 2017 around incorporating CBD into families, and there was an honest conversation unfolding between parents about an article that featured a CBD-infused hot chocolate recipe. Moms wanted to know if it was safe or not to serve it to their kids before bedtime, and shared their opinions that it’s okay to use in smaller doses or for children with autism and anxiety who medically need it. There was a lot of curiosity around the topic — was it safe for all children or not?

The attitude around pot and CBD oil is constantly evolving, too. Federal advisers to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) unanimously voted on April 19, 2018 to approve of the drug Epidiolex, and on June 25, 2018 the medicine was officially approved. This is the first prescription cannabidiol medicine to be recommended by the FDA committee for its effective treatment of certain forms of epilepsy.

While previous generations may have just accepted the first line of treatment recommended by a family physician, there is truly a new wave of parents who recognize there might be life-changing benefits from using CBD to treat a child. More than ever before, parents are initiating these conversations. And don’t forget that parents (yes, even those who don’t personally use marijuana!) legally advocate for and use CBD oil as medicine for their children who truly need it.

To find out the real deal on CBD oil for kids, we chatted with cannabis expert Frank Lucido, M.D., of Berkeley, California, who has been consulting individuals and families regarding alternative cannabis therapies since 1996. We also turned to canna-parent Melissa Hilt of Albany, New York, whose daughter Hailey suffers with multiple seizures daily and Lelah Jerger of Huntingburg, Indiana, who is facing issues with Child Protective Services after treating her daughter Jaelah with CBD for her daughter’s epilepsy.

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1. THC and CBD are different.

They’re the two main compounds in the marijuana plant, but THC is psychoactive, and CBD is not. In other words, THC can get you high (and maybe even make you feel paranoid), but CBD can not. The oil used to medically treat a child will often be legally sold through a dispensary and contain a CBD-to-THC ratio, such as 19-to-1. Since the oil sold over the internet doesn’t contain THC, you should keep in mind that plenty of medical professionals argue that CBD loses its efficacy when it’s not used in conjunction with THC.

2. CBD oil can change lives.

There are incredible testimonials from families who have found relief after incorporating CBD oil into their daily lifestyle. Melissa Hilt’s 11-year-old daughter, Haley, was having more than 100 seizures a day. Surgery, alternative diets, more than 15 medications — nothing could effectively limit the amount of her seizures.

A prescription dose of 19-to-1 (CBD-to-THC) oil is given to her at breakfast and dinnertime, and Melissa told us she finally feels like she’s “met” her real daughter as her daughter began to experience seizures only twice a month at the start of treatment. Her kiddo is no longer in a constant “haze” from all of the different medications she was trying. Now, Haley smiles and plays with her sister. Melissa told us, “It’s been the greatest gift to our family to be able to finally ‘meet’ her.” Now, that’s powerful .

3. It’s not cheap to use CBD oil on a regular basis.

For parents like Hilt who’ve found CBD oil to be the only remedy for their children, they’ll pay up to $500 a month out of pocket (since CBD oil is not covered by insurance). The price will vary depending on what you’re getting, where it’s from, and what the state tax is.

4. Families move across state borders to legally access it.

Of course not all states have legalized the use of CBD oils. And for parents whose children have a medical diagnosis (like a form of epilepsy or autism) for which CBD oil is one of the only things that seems to help, it’s worth it for them to move their lives to a state where they can access it legally. Hilt told us she would “absolutely” move if she no longer had access to the oil in Albany, New York.

5. Families are dealing with CPS issues where it’s not legal.

When Lelah Jerger’s 3-year-old daughter, Jaelah, was diagnosed with epilepsy in Huntingburg, Indiana, they had no idea that a nightmare was about to unfold. Jerger was offered CBD oil during an appointment with a chiropractic neurologist to treat her daughter. She purchased the oil from him, though she was simultaneously getting other opinions from doctors and surgeons at traditional treatment centers. But the CBD oil was the only thing to bring her daughter’s visible seizing down from 30 times each day to twice each day.

She purchased more CBD oil from a company online to continue treating her child. When one of the hospitals she was seeking treatment from alerted Child Protective Services about the alternative treatment, an invasive investigation was conducted, including blood tests.

Jerger said: “We were terrified to have any allegation of abuse or neglect. I’ve got four other kids (the oldest is 15), and we’ve never been questioned. The fear is indescribable — it’s an agency that has the power to take your children away.” The family is currently suing CPS and awaiting their court date.

6. There’s still research that needs to happen.

Back to the Hilts: Haley’s seizures did start to pick up again after slowing down tremendously for the first month of treatment, but she’s still making wonderful progress developmentally and seizing less intensely overall. Normally, seizures can prevent Haley from reaching new, important milestones, but Hilt says it seems like there’s almost something protective about the CBD oil (which she said her daughter’s doctors in New York and Boston agree with).

“[CBD] oil shouldn’t be used unless it’s to treat a medical disorder in a state where it’s legal.”

Even so, Hilt still thinks the science is still out for CBD’s efficacy in kids without any medical issues. She thinks there needs to be more long-term research to safely use CBD oil on young children regularly, and she suggests that parents use it with caution. Dr. Lucido says that the oil shouldn’t be used unless it’s to treat a medical disorder in a state where it’s legal.

7. You shouldn’t buy the stuff online to treat your kid

For parents, it’s tempting to read about the effects of non-psychoactive CBD oil and mix some into their kid’s hot chocolate at night before bed. But it’s better to stay away from the online options, especially when the intentions are for a small child to ingest it regularly. CBD oils sold online contain even more obscure ingredients than vitamins (which aren’t regulated by the FDA), since companies often won’t disclose ingredient lists, according to Dr. Lucido.

Without accurate dosing and ingredient information, it’s just not the safest thing to use, he warns. He also reminds us that, up until recently, certain companies were receiving warning letters from the FDA regarding their CBD products.

8. CBD oil can be used to treat a variety of children’s ailments.

Dr. Lucido cautions against giving children CBD oil without the recommendation from a doctor. But, he says, if it’s legally purchased from a dispensary with a doctor’s recommendation, CBD oil can be highly effective in treating seizures, autism, ADHD, depression, and anxiety in children. The CBD-to-THC ratio may differ based on the child and what’s being treated.

9. You can serve it mixed into food.

Dr. Lucido says the best way to give the oil to your child is in a tincture placed right under the tongue or on the side of the cheek. If the child is fussy, he recommends mixing it into food. Because it’s fat-soluble, Dr. Lucido warns that dropping a dose into a glass of water will be less effective, as the oil can stick to the side of the glass. The oil mixes better with milk, for example.

10. Shaming is preventing sick children from getting help.

There are so many children with medical diagnoses who suffer daily, rotating different treatment plans, medications, and even surgeries, like Hilt’s daughter. Hilt insists that parents need to not be afraid to talk. She says: “Parents are afraid. There are benefits out there for epilepsy, autism, ADHD, and cancer pains. Parents are simply afraid to ask their doctor, and the best thing I ever could have done was ask my daughter’s neurologist about it.”

“The best thing I ever could have done was ask my daughter’s neurologist about it.”

11. Parents are trying to figure this out on their own.

Check your judgement at the door. There are parents who are desperately looking for healthy answers for their children, and other parents who are just curious. The internet has been a source of experience-sharing for parents. From Facebook groups to Reddit threads, parents are trying to figure this out together. Here’s a Reddit thread on the topic of finding relief for children with autism using CBD oil.

12. Conservative medical doctors acknowledge the benefits and need for studies.

13. Hemp-derived CBD products are now legal, but may contain contaminants . or no CBD at all.

Since CBD derived from hemp is of much lower quality than CBD derived from the flower of a marijuana plant, the risk of toxins released into the product skyrockets during production. The presence of contaminants in CBD products is a real concern. Plus, recent testing shows that plenty of brands advertise a CBD ingredient percentage on the label that is inaccurate, almost always portraying that there is more CBD in a product than there actually is. In fact, certain hemp-derived CBD products were found to contain zero CBD. If you have no idea what dose is included in a product, it likely isn’t the best idea to start giving it to a child regularly. Plus, the fact that the ingredient lists are still obscure is unsettling when it comes to dosing a tot or child.

Kids with different diagnoses can genuinely benefit from CBD oil to relieve their negative symptoms. The problem is, there aren’t enough solid long-term studies to know what kind of effect daily use will have later on in life in someone whose use started at a young age. The other problem? Kids who get serious relief from the CBD oil, like Hilt’s daughter Haley, need to live in a state where it’s legal. Plus, parents need to be able to afford it.

There’s still so much more to be found out about the long-term effects of the oil.

Meanwhile, buzz is floating around the internet that might lead other parents to start giving their kids daily doses of CBD oil before bed when there’s still so much more to be found out about the long-term effects of the oil. It’s also apparent that some of the CBD oil online contains obscure ingredient lists and doesn’t always inform the consumer of accurate dosing measurements. If you’re still tempted to bring home some CBD products for your tot or child, go with organic products from Wash With Water. The brand promises a transparent ingredient list and they were the first to release a legal skincare CBD line for little ones.

So, let’s support the research and the parents whose lives have changed for the better once they had safe, legal access to CBD oil for their kids. If you’re a parent who’s not sold on using CBD oil for your little ones but still need natural relaxation alternatives, use some lavender essential oil, a white-noise machine, and consult your pediatrician if that’s not cutting it.

Here are some alternatives to CBD to help safely calm your kiddo down before bedtime:

CBD for newborn babies

The incidence is even higher in pre-term newborns, affecting approximately 60% of the babies, leading to long-lasting complications of the disease.

Around one third of the newborns affected by stroke develop unilateral cerebral palsy (which usually impairs use of one hand), and learning and cognitive deficits are also frequent. (1,2)

The manifestation of brain injury differs depending on the maturational status of the brain at the time of the insult. In pre-term babies white matter injury is predominant, being more vulnerable to glutamate toxicity and neuroinflammation as some brain cell populations are still developing.

In contrast, in term babies, in which the maturation of the white matter is more advanced, neuronal degeneration in grey matter structures is the most commonly observed manifestation of injury (3,4).

Cannabinoids to the rescue

So far, hypothermia (applied as head or whole-body cooling) is the only clinical intervention used in hypoxic-ischemic newborn babies. However, hypothermia does not prevent injury in all cases and, the treatment does not always lead to complete functional recovery (14).

Currently, no other treatment is available to patients.

Cannabinoids affect multiple endogenous processes involved in brain injury and recovery. Cannabinoids are also known to control the cell cycle and the proliferation, survival and differentiation of neural stem cells (fundamental for new births, as we have already described in a previous article titled “Endocannabinoids: co-creator of life? Their role from conception to breast-feeding”), capabilities that target them as interesting experimental drugs for the enhancement of endogenous brain repair responses to perinatal brain injury. (5,6)

Cannabinoids modulate neuronal excitability and counteract glutamate excitotoxicity, as we have explained further in a video on Cannabis for ALS.

Moreover, through the activation of CB2 receptors in immune cells cannabinoids can modulate the intensity and extension of neuroinflammatory responses to injury, which we have been extensively describing in: “Caution: understanding the Endocannabinoid System might change your life!”

Finally, cannabinoids have been shown to decrease vascular reactivity (increased blood flow in response to ischemia), overall reducing the rolling and adhesion of circulating leukocytes and preventing their infiltration into the inflamed brain, which is key for a number of disorders, from ischemia to Multiple Sclerosis. (7)

To put these concepts onto test:

in-vitro experiments have been carried out with a synthetic cannabinoid (WIN-55) in an animal model of acute hypoxic-ischemic strokes.

Pre-incubation of the brain slices with WIN (50 mM) prevented glutamate release (neurotoxic), TNFα accumulation and iNOS induction (pro-inflammatory markers), resulting in a reduction of cell death. (8)

This has been further examined in in-vivo studies which administered WIN (1 mg/kg) immediately after hypoxia-ischemia event, resulting in reduced diffusion of injury around brain areas. (9)

CBD as a treatment

It has been demonstrated that CBD has neuroprotective effects in models of acute hypoxic-ischemic brain damage in newborn animals as well as in adult rodent stroke models.
CBD (1 mg/kg) was shown to induce a sustained reduction in excitotoxic damage, oxidative stress and inflammation up to 7 days after injury, addressing the three major pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the generation of permanent brain damage after arterial ischemic strokes. (10)

In a more recent study, an animal model of severe stroke in newborn rats, CBD (5mg/kg) was administered post-insult, overall reducing peri-infarct brain-damage and restoring neurobehavioural function in the short and long term.

The volume of the infarct was not modified by CBD, but its beneficial effects were apparent already one week after the stroke, including prevention of long-lasting functional impairment, while no side effects of the drug were observed.

Following CBD administration, movement impairment was restored, it improved neurobehavioural functions controlling strength, coordination and sensorimotor performance , as well as other cognitive deficits, whilst further neuronal loss was prevented. (11)

Cannabidiol to newborns

The prospects of cannabidiol (CBD) becoming effective and safe therapeutic drug against neonatal hypoxia-ischemia increased considerably after several studies demonstrated the beneficial effects of CBD on multiple neurophysiological parameters commonly used for the bedside monitoring of asphyxiated newborns.

In one of those studies the intravenous administration of CBD (0.1 mg/kg) improved brain tissue oxygenation during the first 3 h after hypoxia-ischemia, and induced a partial recovery of EEG amplitude from 1 to 6 h in newborn piglets.

Similarly to the studies with rodents, it was also proved that CBD exert a long-lasting protection;

The neurobehavioral analysis showed that the animals that were treated with CBD had a faster and more significant functional recovery compared to animals that received vehicle. (12,13)

Altogether, these studies using both rodent and non-rodent animal models strongly suggest that CBD may be a safe and effective drug to be used during the acute and sub-acute phases after ischemic stroke, and is currently the best suited cannabinoid to be implemented for clinical use in babies affected by neonatal encephalopathy.

How to supplement

Although the best source of CBD derives from high-CBD cannabis strain, many CBD oil preparations are also extracted from hemp, for legal reasons.

Amongst the commercially available CBD oils, the mean average contents are a mere 0.173% THC while providing levels of CBD measuring at > 3%, which ensures safe consumption free of significant psychoactive effects. Strains are considered CBD-rich when the CBD content level 4% or above.

CBD for newborns is best administered as an oil or extract, or even as a suppository; however, if you choose the latter, we recommend checking out our latest article regarding absorption of suppositories.

Feel free to learn more about CBD in other articles!

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Cbd oil for colic

Table of Contents

As such beautiful, majestic creatures, it’s easy to forget that our horses also suffer from medical issues. Whether your horse is preparing for a show, or just trying to retire into the good life, unwanted illness creates problems. Of course, you all want the best for our pets. So how can we assure they live long, happy lives?

One of those ways is through CBD. As a new, holistic form of therapy, CBD oils treat all kinds of conditions in humans. But did you know your pets can take CBD too? As research continues to grow on all of its benefits, more and more vets are starting to recommend CBD as therapy.

In this article, we’re going to talk using CBD as an anecdote against colic. If your horse has recently been diagnosed, or you’re wondering if something’s wrong, this article is for you. We’ll go over the ins-and-outs of colic in horses, what to look out for, and how to use CBD as a part of treatment.

What is colic?

In humans, colic affects newborn babies, causing them to cry incessantly in response to an unknown pain. Like babies, can’t communicate their pain in words either. Therefore, it’s up to us to pick up on signs and symptoms of equine colic before it’s too late.

How does colic affect horses?

Equine colic is a disorder causing severe abdominal pain and discomfort. Related to digestive issues, various types of colic exist. The term can be used to describe an acute, negative reaction to something in the stomach, but it’s more commonly used in chronic cases. Dehydration, parasites, digestive stones, and benign tumors present as colic in most cases. If you’ve noticed your horse pawing, rolling on the ground, or having trouble defecating, get in touch with your veterinarian right away. They’ll run a series of tests to diagnose the problem and suggest treatment.

What are the signs and symptoms to look out for?

As colic covers such a wide variety of causes, multiple symptoms can arise. A horse suffering from colic might display:

  • Mood issues, such as depression or anxiety
  • Rolling on the ground
  • Constant desire to lie down
  • Pawing at the ground
  • Lack of thirst or appetite
  • Trouble defecating
  • Frequent urination (or attempted urination)
  • Rapid pulse
  • Strange gut sounds
  • Excessive sweating
  • A drop in body temperature as the disease worsens

The severity of colic ranges from mild to fatal, so don’t take any chances. If your horse starts showing signs of the above symptoms, call your veterinarian.

Can CBD Oil help my horse with colic?

CBD may be an effective treatment to both prevent colic and treat some of the associated issues. Read on to learn all about CBD for horses, and how it can help digestive issues and pain.

What Is CBD?

First of all, CBD stands for cannabidiol, a compound naturally found in cannabis. Although it comes from a plant with the same name as marijuana, CBD for horses won’t get them high. CBD oils are pulled from hemp, a form of the Cannabis sativa plant grown to have less than 0.3% THC. In addition to the CBD, the terpenes, omega-3 fats, and antioxidants found in hemp oils benefit an equine diet.

As a phytocannabinoid, CBD chemically similar to molecules found in the mammalian body, making up the endocannabinoid system. These compounds, anandamide and 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol, are critical to maintaining homeostasis. Research recently discovered the endocannabinoid system sends and receives all kinds of signals across a horse’s body. Giving your horse CBD, therefore, adds extra compounds for optimal function. It’s similar to taking a multivitamin, but specifically targeting certain receptors in the brain.

How Does CBD Interact With The Endocannabinoid System Of Horses?

When CB1 and CB2 receptors receive endocannabinoids, it starts a domino effect of downstream signaling. CBD’s chemical structure gives it the same shape, allowing it to bind on these receptors as well. Therefore, it acts much like any other hormone, regulating mood, pain, sleep, digestion, and overall health. Since colic equine is a disorder of the digestive system, taking CBD can both prevent it and treat symptoms.

Benefits of CBD for a horse with colic

Both directly and indirectly, CBD targets the underlying issues behind colic by:

  • Helping digestive health
  • Reducing inflammation
  • Fighting pain

CBD and the digestive system

As we touched on previously, the endocannabinoid system controls biological pathways inside a healthy horse. Specifically, CB1 receptors in the brain regulate smooth digestion. According to a study out of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology, CBD “produces relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter, inhibition of gastric motility and acid secretion, as well as intestinal motility and secretion”.

Certain types of colic stem from excessive, trapped gas or stones. Since giving your horse CBD keeps things moving, it’s possible they can find relief from symptoms.

CBD can reduce inflammation

CBD oils themselves contain a strong omega-3 fatty acid profile. These healthy fats are known to combat inflammation in horses, and they can play a role in long-term health. On top of that, cannabidiol itself fights both inflammatory and neuropathic pain, especially in the intestines.

Research shows that cannabidiol mediates the pathways responsible for intestinal nerves. By activating CB receptors, CBD reduced intestinal damage in both mice and humans. These results show a positive, promising new treatment for inflammatory bowel issues.

CBD can treat the terrible pain caused by colic

Once your horse comes down with colic, it’s horrible to watch them suffer. CBD can treat acute inflammatory symptoms by limiting pain. Studies show that CBD targets a specific vanilloid receptor responsible for signaling pain. By interrupting these signals, CBD slows the experience of agony before, during, and after your vet provides care. If invasive procedures are a part of treatment, CBD can help your horse relax throughout their recovery.

Finally, when colic occurs once, it’s more likely to happen again. Regular CBD administration reduces the chances of recurrence by supporting a healthy endocannabinoid system.

Has there been much research carried out on the topic?

Plenty of studies confirm that CBD regulates homeostasis, reduces pain, and combats enteric inflammation, but most are done on rats or sick humans. You see, the endocannabinoid system was only discovered a few decades ago, so research is fairly new. Add in the taboo of cannabis, and you start to understand why so few studies are done on horses. However, recent research is promising in mammals, and plenty of vets recommend CBD products as a natural, holistic form of therapy. Due to its lack of toxicity, CBD is generally considered safe for use in horses, but always follow-up with a vet before starting any treatment for colic.

Are There Any Side Effects?

Currently, CBD-administration causes little to no side effects. Adverse effects include lethargy, appetite reduction, and dry mouth in humans, but no serious issues have been reported in horses. As with any new treatment, however, monitor your horse’s health carefully, and follow the appropriate dosing guidelines.

What CBD Oils Do We Recommend For Horses With Colic?

If you’ve decided to go the natural route to treat symptoms of colic, we’ve got the CBD for you. Green Flower Botanicals makes an equine-specific line of CBD oils to add to your horse’s diet.

About Green Flower Botanicals CBD for Horses

Green Flower Botanicals pulls their CBD from hemp with the purest method known to man – CO2 extraction. After obtaining this high-quality ingredient, they mix it into MCT oil for maximum absorption. Depending on the size of your horse and the severity of the condition, choose from 1800mg, 3600mg, or 7200mg doses of CBD oil. Green Flower Botanicals uses full-spectrum CBD oils for their equine products, meaning your horse gets the benefits of terpenes and additional cannabinoids to boot. Finally, it’s virtually tasteless, with a slight, floral, natural hemp touch. If you’re not satisfied, Green Flower Botanicals offers a 30-day money-back guarantee, so you might as well give it a shot.

Conclusion

CBD oils come with a lot of benefits for horses. From fighting inflammation to reducing pain-related stress, CBD can improve overall quality of life, making both you and your horse happy. While research is still new on its use to treat colic, the lack of serious side effects makes it promising. No one wants to watch their horses suffer. Get ahead of any potential issues by taking care of their health before a problem arises. If you want to learn more about giving CBD to your horse, check out this YouTube video, or consult with a veterinary professional.